About Prostate Cancer

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About prostate cancer

Men who are first diagnosed with prostate cancer that has not spread beyond the prostate have several treatment options. Individual condition and other factors are considered when choosing a treatment course. Options include:


The majority of men respond to treatment at this stage and don’t need further treatment. For some men, the cancer may progress at some point.

If the cancer continues to progress:

These men may receive hormone treatment called androgen deprivation therapy, or ADT. ADT is a treatment given to reduce or block the production and action of male hormones in the body called androgens, such as testosterone, which can help fuel prostate cancer cells.

There are different types of ADT. Two types that work by reducing testosterone are:


  • Orchiectomy (surgery to remove the testicles).


  • There are several medical treatments that work to lower testosterone by reducing androgen production by the testicles or blocking the action of androgen in the body.
    • One type: Medications called gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogs.
    • You may be familiar with Lupron Depot® (leuprolide acetate for depot suspension), a type of long-acting GnRH analog that is given as an injection.
  • Ask your doctor which type of ADT you have been receiving or have received.

NOTE: Lupron Depot® is provided as an example of ADT and is not an endorsement by Janssen Biotech, Inc. Lupron Depot® (leuprolide acetate for depot suspension) is a registered trademark of Abbvie Inc.

ADT is often an effective treatment. After time, someprostate cancer can adapt and progress. When that happens,another treatment needs to be considered.


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